Blood panel is required to be performed on every pet prior to surgery. The information gained in this blood panel helps us determine if there are any underlying medical conditions that might place your pet at an increased risk while under anesthesia. As the liver and kidneys are the primary organs responsible for excreting anesthetic drugs as gases, it is extremely important to know that these organs are functioning appropriately in your pet. Listed below are the items included in our blood panel which we perform routinely on the day of your pets surgery.
Blood panel ($53) includes:
Alkaline phosphatase: Elevated levels are present in liver injury, bone injury, pregnancy, or skeletal growth. Growing animals also normally have higher levels of this enzyme. Low levels of alkaline phosphatase may not be clinically significant.
Alanine transaminase: Increased levels are also seen in liver damage, gastrointestinal inflammation, and congenital liver malformation.
Blood urea nitrogen: Increases can be caused by excessive protein intake, kidney damage or failure and dehydration.
Creatinine: Elevated levels can suggest poor kidney function or dehydration.
Glucose (blood sugar): Elevated in diabetes, liver disease, certain medicines, and stress. Low levels may be indicative of liver disease or overproduction of insulin.
Total protein: Decreased levels may be due to poor nutrition, liver disease, poor gut absorption, diarrhea, or severe burns. Increased levels can be seen with dehydration, inflammation, allergies or immune mediated disorders.Complete Blood Count (CBC): The CBC determines the number of Red blood cells, The number and type of white blood cells, the number of platelets , the hemoglobin level,and the hematocrit.Red blood cells carry oxygen to the cells throughout the body .There are five different types of white blood cells which are all important in the immune system function and in fighting infection .Platelets are important in blood clotting.